Weather Risk Management

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Aviation Weather Risk Management (AWRM)


Weather is one of the most unpredictable factors in aviation and constantly affects flight operations. Weather conditions such as thunderstorms, turbulence, sandstorms, dangerous crosswinds, heavy snow, hail, low-level wind shear, etc. pose a threat to the safety and performance of flight operations. IATA’s 2018 Safety Report revealed that despite the continued relatively low accident rate, weather continues to pose a significant threat to flight safety. Analysis shows that between 2014 and 2018, 46% of fatal aircraft accidents cited weather as a contributing factor - 33% in all accidents during that period. Deficiencies in the operator’s safety management, regulatory oversight and inadequate standard operating procedures (SOPs) for flight crew were noted as factors.

Review of aircraft accident and incident reports often highlights weaknesses in weather-related SOPs, and weaknesses in training meteorology in a fashion that transfers to the cockpit and control tower. The efficiency of operations can also suffer from a general lack of formal methods for managing the effects of high impact weather on operations, for example hurricanes/typhoons, severe snowstorms, heavy rainfall and flooding, and significant fog events, etc. With increasing air traffic, an understanding of how weather impacts your operation becomes more critical. Being able to identify and use the various weather products and services effectively will facilitate decision-making, and improvements to operations. This will in turn enhance safety, as well as performance, and reduce fuel costs and potential damage to aircraft and passengers arising from adverse weather.

Given encounters with weather hazards pose a safety and financial risk to airlines and ANSPs, delegates will learn how to apply risk management principles to weather within a systemic framework.

Course Objectives

This 5-day course is designed to equip participants with the knowledge and skills to determine the hazards and risks adverse weather conditions pose to their operation. The methodology behind the development and implementation of the Weather Risk Management System, which is designed to enhance and support decision-making relating to the changing weather conditions at all phases of flight, will be covered. The course will also provide a better understanding of how Human Factors concepts, proactive forecasting systems and meteorological products and services can be utilised to support decision-making whether as a pilot, an air traffic controller or a forecaster. Emphasis will be placed on identifying and understanding weather hazards and contributing factors through analysing and modelling weather-related risks.

Course Outline

The course will include such topics as:

  • The Impact of Weather on Aviation Operations
  • Weather-related Decision Making (including Risk Perception & Plan Continuation)
  • Weather Risk Management Systems (WRMS)
  • Review of the Current Aviation Weather System
         - ATS & MET Co-ordination under ICAO Doc. 9377
         - MET service for international air navigation per ICAO Annex 3 and ICAO Doc. 8896
         - Safety and quality initiatives
  • Overview of Weather Investigation (including guidance from ICAO Doc 9756 Part III)
  • Climatology and Weather Patterns 
         - Weather-related risks
         - Global climatology and weather patterns
         - Identifying regional weather risks
         - Identifying weather risks with station climatology
         - Improving meteorology in Route Manuals (OM-C)
  • Proactive Forecasting Systems for Supporting Decision Making 
         - Effect of weather forecasting on commercial aviation
         - Supporting decision making in the cockpit, dispatch, tower, etc.
         - Tactical Weather Decision Aids
         - Proactive forecasting system
         - Storm readiness programmes (e.g., typhoons, snow storms, etc.)

Who should attend?

Personnel from Civil Aviation Authority, air operator, airport, ANS provider, maintenance organisation, insurance or other operational professionals. 

- Safety Managers
- Safety Officers
- Compliance Managers
- Nominated Personnel (i.e., Postholders)
- Risk Assessors
- Auditors


Should have knowledge of Safety Management Systems.

Workshop Duration, Location and Tuition

          – In-house available

Next: 22 - 26 July 2019 - Singapore Aviation Academy

Next: 18 - 22 Nov 2019 - Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 

Next: Dec 2019 - Madrid, Spain

Workshop Duration: 5 days (0900h to 1700h each day).

Location: Various locations – In-house available.

Fee: $1650.00 USD


10% Discount when 6 or more participants from the same company (on the same invoice) are registered.

 5% Discount when 3 - 5 participants from the same company (on the same invoice) are registered.


Instructors include:

All courses taught in English language.

Customised in-house training also available.

Our courses can be delivered to your offices and tailored to your organisation's needs. If you have a group of 5 or more individuals for this course, please contact us and we will provide you with information about bringing this course to your offices at a time convenient for you and your staff.

Training or Consulting Request?

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